Psychological Distress, Adaptation, And Well-Being in COVID-19 Recovered Patients: A Correlational Descriptive Study

Psychological Distress, Adaptation, And Well-Being in COVID-19 Recovered Patients


  • Roosina Abbas College of Nursing, Khyber Teaching Hospital Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Sabiha Khanum Institute of Nursing Sciences, Khyber medical university Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Najma Naz Institute of Nursing Sciences, Khyber medical university Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Suliman Upper-Swat College of Nursing, Swat, KPK, Pakistan
  • Amir Sultan Nursing Department, Saidu Group of teaching Hospital Swat, KPK, Pakistan



Covid-19, Psychological adaptation, Mental health, Physical health, Psychological distress, Well-being


The novel SARS-CoV-2 virus was reported in the province of Wuhan china and spread to more than 220 countries in no time. The patient who diagnosed corona virus has symptoms of flu, fever, sore throat and respiratory tract infection. In Pakistan the cases of covid-19 were also higher (305,671) and deaths (6416) due to six biggest populations in the world. Objective: The aim of the study was to explore the psychological distress, adaptation and well-being of patients diagnosed with covid-19 in Pakistan. Methods: A descriptive correlational study was conducted from May 2021 to September 2021 having a sample size of 173 having a consecutive sampling technique in Khyber teaching hospital and Hayat Abad medical complex Peshawar. Data was collected through valid and reliable instruments that are: Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (k-10), psychological adaptation scale (PSA), and The Warwick-Edinburgh mental well-being scale (WEMWBS) were used for data collection. Microsoft Excel and SPSS were used for analysis of mean, standard deviation, independent t-test and Pearson correlation.  Results: In this study the number of male participants was higher (56.6%) than female participants (43.4%). The k-10 means score were (34.42), PSA (80.86) and Well-being was (59). Independent t-test findings were (k-10) p-value=0.713, (PSA) p-value= 1.501 and well-being p-value (0,795). The Pearson correlation shows that psychological distress was strongly correlated with PSA (p-value=0.002), and well-being (p-value=0.001). Conclusions: The study concluded that patient were physically, psychological, and emotionally affected after covid-19, so hospitalized patients received only physical treatment regimens and the other aspects of holistic care, especially psychological care, were ignored by the healthcare professionals.


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DOI: 10.54393/pjhs.v3i05.255
Published: 2022-10-31

How to Cite

Abbas, R. ., Khanum, S. ., Naz, N. ., Suliman, M. ., & Sultan, A. (2022). Psychological Distress, Adaptation, And Well-Being in COVID-19 Recovered Patients: A Correlational Descriptive Study : Psychological Distress, Adaptation, And Well-Being in COVID-19 Recovered Patients. Pakistan Journal of Health Sciences, 3(05), 173–178.



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