Biochemical Effects of Oral Contraceptive Pill On Total Serum Protein, Hemoglobin and Antioxidants Capacity among Females Athletes

Biochemical Effects of Oral Contraceptive Pill


  • Alamgir Khan Department of Sports Sciences & Physical Education, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Jamil Punajb Highway Patrolling Police Lahore, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Zafar Iqbal Butt Department of Sports Sciences & Physical Education, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Ausaf Chaudhary International Islamic University, Islamabad
  • Aftab Ahmad Jan Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, KPK, Pakistan
  • Zeliha Selamoglu Department of Medical Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Nigde Ömer Halisdemir University, Nigde, Turkey
  • Elifsena Canan Alp Elifsena Canan Alp Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Selcuklu, Necmettin Erbakan University Meram, Konya, Turkey



Contraceptive Pills, Total Serum Protein, Hemoglobin, Antioxidants Capacity, Female.


Total serum protein, hemoglobin and antioxidant system are essential to the body's physiological activities. Oral contraceptive pills influence the level of proteins of both types present in the blood; thus, it is found to change among pregnant women. Objectives: To scrutinize  oral contraceptive pills' effects (OCP) on total serum protein, hemoglobin and antioxidant capacity among females. Methods: The participants were divided into the experimental group (EG-60) and control group (CG,-24). 5 ml of blood was collected from each subject and marked with a different identification code. The collected blood samples were processed through laboratory protocols, and thus the targeted tests were performed to achieve the desired results. The results of tests were processed through a statistical package for social sciences (SPSS, version-26), and thus appropriate statistical tools were applied for analysis. Results: Total number of subjects in both groups were 84. Mean of CG in term of hemoglobin was 13.91 ±.92 and Mean of EG in term of hemoglobin was 14.18 ±.84. Mean of CG  in term of total serum protein was 6.75 ±.48 and  Mean of EG in term of total serum protein was 6.62 ±..31. Conclusion: Based on the analysis, the researcher concluded that contraceptive pills significantly affect total serum protein, hemoglobin and antioxidant capacity among females.


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DOI: 10.54393/pjhs.v3i06.341
Published: 2022-11-30

How to Cite

Khan, A. ., Jamil, M. ., Zafar Iqbal Butt, M. ., Chaudhary, A. ., Ahmad Jan, A. ., Selamoglu, Z. ., & Canan Alp, E. . (2022). Biochemical Effects of Oral Contraceptive Pill On Total Serum Protein, Hemoglobin and Antioxidants Capacity among Females Athletes : Biochemical Effects of Oral Contraceptive Pill. Pakistan Journal of Health Sciences, 3(06), 216–219.



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