Frequency Of Osteopenia And Its Association With Marital Status And Parity Among Female Population Aged 18-60 Years

Osteopenia And Parity


  • Sana Zahid University Institute of Public Health, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Asif Hanif University Institute of Public Health, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Tallat Anwar Faridi University Institute of Public Health, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Zahid Masood Rai Medical College, Sargodha, Pakistan
  • Akash John University of Lahore, Gujrat Campus, Gujrat, Pakistan
  • Sofia Noor University Institute of Public Health, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan



In Pakistan, Osteoporosis and Osteopenia among women have become one of the most common problems of recent times.Towards the end of puberty, the skeletal mass grows at double the rate. As women age, their bone density decreases and declines even further during menopause. There are limited studies dedicated to the association of osteopenia with marital status and parity. Objectives: The objective of this research study was to find the frequency of osteopenia and its association with marital status and parity among female population aged 18-60 years old Methodology: It was a cross sectional as well as an analytical study which was conducted in Niaz Medicure Clinic Faisalabad. QUS machine was used to measure the BMD. Participants were selected on the basis of non-purposive sampling. Pregnant women and those with disability were excluded from the study.  The ANOVA test was applied to the results and it was analyzed using the SPSS 24 software. Results: Osteopenia was relatively higher among unmarried females with the ratio of 68.4% than the married females with the ratio of 47.6%. About 30% married females had a normal BMD. Data analysis showed positive association of marital status with Osteopenia. The p value was found to be 0.001. High prevalence of Osteopenia was observed among both nulliparous and multiparous women. The results should 68.4% of the women with nullparity had Osteopenia while the ratio for women with 1-2 and 3-6 parity was 48% and 57.1% respectively. Conclusions: the frequency of Osteopenia was fairly high among married females. Osteopenia had a significant association between parity (0.005) and marital status (0.001).


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DOI: 10.54393/pjhs.v1i01.3
Published: 2020-06-30

How to Cite

Zahid, S. ., Hanif, A. ., Faridi, T. A. ., Masood, Z. ., John, A. ., & Noor, S. (2020). Frequency Of Osteopenia And Its Association With Marital Status And Parity Among Female Population Aged 18-60 Years : Osteopenia And Parity. Pakistan Journal of Health Sciences, 1(01), 28–32.



Original Article


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