COVID-19 and Various Comorbidities: A Review

COVID-19 and Various Comorbidities


  • Muhammad Ahsan Waqar Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Central Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Tehseen Riaz Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Central Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Minahal Munir Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Central Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Ansa Ashfaq Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Central Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Haseeb Zulfiqar Meeraj Pharmacy, Queens New York, United States of America
  • Mehak Sandhu Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Central Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Anam Mahmood Faculty of Pharmacy, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Fabha Zahir Durrani Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Central Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Saleha Faheem Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Central Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Saqiba Tayyab Care National Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia



COVID-19, Comorbidities, Hypertension, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases, Symptoms


Coronavirus currently known as COVID-19, originating from China in December 2019 had caused several severe unusual respiratory illnesses. This virus had spreads among individuals and had now developed into a great pandemic worldwide. More than 50% of COVID-19 patients have at least one comorbidity. Among the people suffering from COVID-19, hypertension is ought to be the most prevalent disease followed by diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, respiratory diseases, liver, and kidney diseases. Furthermore, older individuals (>60 years) are more likely to possess multi-morbidities, therefore, are more prone to the infection caused by the COVID-19. The underlying mechanism of this virus in the still contradictory. The health care sector can manage the symptoms of COVID-19 and comorbidities associated with it with help of management and treatment strategies underlined by the WHO. As it is of utmost need to identify the risk factors and critical clinical outcomes linked with COVID-19 so that the proper steps could be adopted in the future This review extensively elaborates the relationship between COVID-19 and various comorbidities based on up-to-date data extracted from reputed journals and official websites.


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DOI: 10.54393/pjhs.v4i01.485
Published: 2023-01-31

How to Cite

Waqar, M. A. ., Riaz, T. ., Munir, M. ., Ashfaq, A. ., Zulfiqar, H. ., Sandhu, M. ., Mahmood, A. ., Zahir Durrani, F. ., Faheem, S. ., & Tayyab, S. . (2023). COVID-19 and Various Comorbidities: A Review: COVID-19 and Various Comorbidities. Pakistan Journal of Health Sciences, 4(01), 02–07.



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