Public health threat with consumption of unpasteurized milk: Systematic review

Public health threat with consumption of unpasteurized milk


  • Mansoor Ali Department of Food Science and Technology, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Sisay Ketema Department of public Health, Collage of Health Science, Mizan, Ethiopia
  • Adhita Sri Prabakusuma Department of Food Technology, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta 55191, Indonesia
  • Maryum Aslam Institute of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Yasser Durrani Department of Food Science and Technology, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Naheed Akhtar Horticultural Research Sub-Station, Dera Ghazi Khan, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Syeda Fiza Nayab Sorghum Research Sub-Station, Dera Ghazi Khan, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Sajjad Regional Agricultural Research Institute, Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Mahreen Khalid Regional Agricultural Research Institute, Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Umar Department of Orthopaedics, Shenzhen University General Hospital, Guangdong 518000, China
  • Freeha Kanwal The Key Laboratory for Space Bioscience and Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Northwestern Polytechnical University, China
  • Ikram Ullah College of Landscape and Horticulture, Yunnan Agricultural University, Kunming 650201, China



Unpasteurized, Raw milk, Zoonotic disease, Public health, Threat


Unpasteurized milk consumption is common throughout the globe, despite the negative consequence for consumer health. This review paper identified public health risks resulting from unpasteurized milk. Several keywords were used to search online, including Google Scholar, PubMed, Science Direct, and academic publications. Significant data were rigorously extracted and reported as per the PRISMA statement guideline. Individuals' risk from consuming raw milk was examined in 15 studies. According to a laboratory investigation report, raw milk contained several parasites and harmful bacteria in unpasteurized milk. These include campylobacteriosis, brucellosis, Staphylococcus aureus, streptococcus, salmonellosis, E. coli 0157, and other hazardous poisons like Aflatoxin M1. People are exposed to pathogenic microorganisms, parasites, and other dangerous toxic agents while consuming raw milk. Therefore, ensuring the safety and quality of raw milk through implementing hazard-critical control points during production and distribution is mandatory in the dairy industry to safeguard general public health.


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DOI: 10.54393/pjhs.v3i04.135
Published: 2022-09-30

How to Cite

Ali, M. ., Ketema, S. ., Prabakusuma, A. S. ., Aslam, M. ., Durrani, Y. ., Akhtar, N. ., Fiza Nayab, S. ., Sajjad, M. ., Khalid, M., Umar, M. ., Kanwal, F. ., & Ullah, I. . (2022). Public health threat with consumption of unpasteurized milk: Systematic review: Public health threat with consumption of unpasteurized milk. Pakistan Journal of Health Sciences, 3(04), 207–213.



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