The Effect of Yoga on Pain and Quality of Life in Primary Dysmenorrhea: A Cross Sectional Survey

Effect of Yoga On Primary Dysmenorrhea


  • Muhammad Salman Department of Neurology, Center of Advanced Studies in Health & Technology, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Umar Department of Physiotherapy, Holy Family Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
  • Hamza Shahid Margalla Institute of Health Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Kiran Haq Department of Physiotherapy, Rawal Institute of Rehabilitation Sciences Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Somiya Asif Margalla Institute of Health Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Talha Margalla Institute of Health Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan



Yoga Exercises, Analgesics, Primary Dysmenorrhea, EQ-5D-5L, NPRS


Dysmenorrhea is a painful syndrome that accompanies the menstrual cycles. Objectives: The main objective of this research was to determine the effects of yoga exercises on pain and quality of life in female undergraduate students suffering from primary dysmenorrhea. Methods: After taking approval from Ethical review committee of Rawal Institute of Health Sciences, an observation type of cross-section survey was conducted in 470 young undergraduate female students of age between 17-26, suffering from primary dysmenorrhea. By non-probability sampling participants were divided into two groups. Group-1 was of those females who had active lifestyle and doing yoga exercises and group-2 were of those who had sedentary lifestyle and didn’t do any kind of exercise. To measure the outcome variables, EQ-5D-5L questionnaire was used to measure QoL & NPRS to measure pain. Data were taken at baseline and after 12th week. Wilcoxon rank test was used for within group analysis and Mann Whitney U test was used to compare mean between groups. Data was analyzed in SPSS software version 21 along with Microsoft Excel 2019. Results: 21.16+2.66 &22.27+2.53 was the Mean+SD of age of group-1 & group-2 respectively. Between groups analysis revealed that p-value for NPRS was <0.05 but was >0.05 in quality of life. Conclusion: Yoga exercises are safer and easiest way to manage pain of primary dysmenorrhea in undergraduate females without any drug use.


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DOI: 10.54393/pjhs.v3i07.466
Published: 2022-12-31

How to Cite

Salman, M. ., Umar, M. ., Shahid, H. ., Haq, K. ., Asif, S. ., & Talha, M. . (2022). The Effect of Yoga on Pain and Quality of Life in Primary Dysmenorrhea: A Cross Sectional Survey : Effect of Yoga On Primary Dysmenorrhea. Pakistan Journal of Health Sciences, 3(07), 161–165.



Original Article


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