Implementation of Peri-Operative Strategies for Prevention of Surgical Site Infection

Peri-Operative Strategies for Prevention of Surgical Site Infection


  • Maria Fayyaz Department of Health Professional Technologies, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Fazeelat Akram Department of Health Professional Technologies, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Bushra Muneer Institute of Industrial Biotechnology, Government College University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Usra Naeem Department of Health Professional Technologies, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Beenish Islam Department of Allied Health sciences, King Edward Medical University
  • Mubashara Shahzadi Department of Allied Health Sciences, Superior University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Uzma Shahzadi Department of Anesthesia, Services Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan



Surgical Site Infection, Nosocomial Infection, Peri-Operative Strategies, Operation Theatre Environment, Infection Control


Surgical site infection (SSI) is also known as nosocomial or health acquired infection which is increasing day by day and augmenting morbidity and mortality rate. The presence of the SSI shows the signs and symptoms including redness, pain, heat, presence of pus, and many more. Despite improvements in operational practice and contamination control strategies, SSI plays a major role in high morbidity and mortality and places a heavy burden on the resources of medical services. The purpose of this review article is collection of data that already exists about the pre-operative, intra-operative and post-operative strategies for prevention of the SSIs. The data about the SSI has been collected from the different review articles and research papers. Different keywords like prevention of SSI, cure from SSI, epidemiology of SSI, causes of SSI, and peri-operative strategies for prevention of SSI were used for data collection. Implementation of the pre-operative, intra operative and post-operative strategies can reduce or completely eliminate the surgical site infection. The morbidity and mortality rates that are directly linked with the SSI can be decreased by the alteration of different factors including operation theatre environment, treatment related factors and patient related factors. A proven and thorough strategy to lower the incidence of SSIs is SSI surveillance. Maintaining operation theatre quality is also essential for SSI reduction. But more research is still needed to improve the standards for regular infection control and surveillance in hospitals.


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DOI: 10.54393/pjhs.v4i03.584
Published: 2023-03-31

How to Cite

Fayyaz, M., Akram, F., Muneer, B. ., Naeem, U. ., Islam, B. ., Shahzadi, M. ., & Shahzadi, U. . (2023). Implementation of Peri-Operative Strategies for Prevention of Surgical Site Infection: Peri-Operative Strategies for Prevention of Surgical Site Infection. Pakistan Journal of Health Sciences, 4(03), 14–20.



Review Article