Factors Affecting Weight Loss Management among Obese Nurses Working in Public and Private Health Care Sectors

Factors Affecting Weight Loss Management


  • Yasmeen BiBi Lahore School of Nursing, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Madiha Mukhtar Lahore School of Nursing, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Hajra Sarwar Lahore School of Nursing, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Tasleem Kanwal Department of Education, The Women University, Multan, Pakistan




Obesity, Obesity Factors, Obese Nurses, Weight Loss Management, Barriers to Obesity


Obesity in the general population have been growing globally in recent years, a trend that has also been seen among nurses. Along with the severe health consequences of obesity, the condition impairs an individual's capacity to work and increases absenteeism rates. It is therefore essential to understand the factors that are producing all of this. Objectives: To explore the barriers of weight loss management among obese nurses. Methods: In this study, an exploratory qualitative study approach was adopted. Data was collected from the 12 study participants who were purposive sampled, semi-structured face-to-face individual interviews were conducted. The audio recordings were translated into English and verbatim transcribed. The analysis was conducted out using the computer-assisted programmer NVIVO-12. NVIVO-12 produced codes that were grouped into sub-themes, and themes. Results: Obstacles to weight loss management among obese nurses were a lack of desire and a change in lifestyle owing to a lack of time, nurses, and resources. Weight management was hindered by the workplace environment and shift changes. Conclusions: The demanding nature of hospital work leads to stress-induced unhealthy eating habits among nurses, hindering their ability to maintain a balanced diet and manage their weight.


World Health Organization. WHO European Regional Obesity Report 2022. 2022. [Last cited: 17th Oct 2023]. Available at: https://www.who.int/europe/publications/i/item/9789289057738.

Zou Y and Pitchumoni CS. Obesity, obesities and gastrointestinal cancers. Disease-a-Month. 2023 Jun: 101592. doi: 10.1016/j.disamonth.2023.101592. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.disamonth.2023.101592

Luhar S, Timæus IM, Jones R, Cunningham S, Patel SA, Kinra S, et al. Forecasting the prevalence of overweight and obesity in India to 2040. Plos One. 2020 Feb; 15(2): e0229438. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0229438. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0229438

Valenzuela PL, Carrera-Bastos P, Castillo-García A, Lieberman DE, Santos-Lozano A, Lucia A. Obesity and the risk of cardiometabolic diseases. Nature Reviews Cardiology. 2023 Mar; 20(7): 475-494. doi: 10.1038/s41569-023-00847-5. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41569-023-00847-5

Health Behavior in School Aged Children. WHO European Regional Obesity Report Reveals Extent of Health Challenge Across Europe. 2022. [Last cited: 17th Oct 2023]. Available at: https://hbsc.org/who-european-regional-obesity-report-reveals-extent-of-health-challenge-across-europe/#:~:text=The%20new%20WHO%20European%20Regional,and%20these%20rates%20are%20growing.

Sharif S. Frequency of overweight & obesity among nurses at DHQ Hospital Chiniot. Independent Journal of Allied Health Sciences. 2020; 3(03): 133-237.

Khan M and Rasheed A. Prevalence of overweight and obesity and associated factors among young undergraduate nursing students of public sector Health University in Karachi. Annals of PIMS. 2016; 12(4):248-53.

Shahid R, Naeem A, Riaz MMA, Ehsan SB. Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Regarding Obesity Among Medical Students in Faisalabad, Pakistan. Annals of Punjab Medical College (APMC). 2020; 14(1): 50-3. doi: 10.29054/apmc/2020.560. DOI: https://doi.org/10.29054/apmc/2020.560

Wills J, Hancock C, Nuttall M. The health of the nursing workforce. A survey of National Nurse Associations. International Nursing Review. 2020 Jun; 67(2): 294-9. doi: 10.1111/inr.12586. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/inr.12586

Woynarowska-Sołdan M, Panczyk M, Iwanow L, Gałązkowski R, Wójcik-Fatla A, Panasiuk L, et al. Associations between overweight and obesity and health enhancing behaviours among female nurses in Poland. Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine. 2018; 25(4): 714-9. doi: 10.26444/aaem/99641. DOI: https://doi.org/10.26444/aaem/99641

Aslam M, Siddiqui A, Sandeep G, Madhu S. High prevalence of obesity among nursing personnel working in tertiary care hospital. Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews. 2018; 12(3): 313-6. doi: 10.1016/j.dsx.2017.12.014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsx.2017.12.014

Shafi Z, Arif S, Nasir A. Association of long duty hours and unhealthy dietary habits among nurses at private and public sector in Karachi, Pakistan. Journal of Liaquat University of Medical & Health Sciences. 2020; 19(01): 55-61.

Priano SM, Hong OS, Chen JL. Lifestyles and health-related outcomes of US hospital nurses: A systematic review. Nursing Outlook. 2018; 66(1): 66-76. doi: 10.1016/j.outlook.2017.08.013. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.outlook.2017.08.013

Siddiqui M, Hameed R, Nadeem M, Mohammad T, Simbak N, Latif A, et al. Obesity in Pakistan; current and future perceptions. Journal of Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences. 2018 Nov; 17(2): 1-4. doi: 10.19080/CTBEB.2018.17.555958. DOI: https://doi.org/10.19080/CTBEB.2018.17.555958

Jawed M, Inam S, Shah N, Shafique K. Association of obesity measures and multimorbidity in Pakistan: findings from the IMPACT study. Public Health. 2020 Mar; 180: 51-6. doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2019.10.017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2019.10.017

Kyle RG, Wills J, Mahoney C, Hoyle L, Kelly M, Atherton IM. Obesity prevalence among healthcare professionals in England: a cross-sectional study using the Health Survey for England. BMJ Open. 2017 Dec; 7(12): e018498. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018498. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018498

Munir M, Malik HN, Alam MJ, Arif A, Khalid F, Resident F, et al. Body mass index and its relation with socio-demographic factors among healthcare workers. Biomedica. 2021; 37(2): 93-9. doi: 10.51441/BioMedica/5-266. DOI: https://doi.org/10.51441/BioMedica/5-266

Almojarthe BM, Abadi AM, Al-Shahrani MS, Alharthi MH, ALqahtani NG, Alreybah EM. Assessment of health-related quality of life among obese patients in Abha, Saudi Arabia. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care. 2020 Aug; 9(8): 4092-6. doi: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_495_20. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_495_20

Samhat Z, Attieh R, Sacre Y. Relationship between night shift work, eating habits and BMI among nurses in Lebanon. BMC Nursing. 2020 Dec; 19(1): 1-6. doi: 10.1186/s12912-020-00412-2. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12912-020-00412-2

Ross A, Yang L, Wehrlen L, Perez A, Farmer N, Bevans M. Nurses and health‐promoting self‐care: Do we practice what we preach? Journal of Nursing Management. 2019 Apr; 27(3): 599-608. doi: 10.1111/jonm.12718. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/jonm.12718

Kunyahamu MS, Daud A, Jusoh N. Obesity among health-care workers: which occupations are at higher risk of being obese? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021 Apr; 18(8): 4381-8. doi: 10.3390/ijerph18084381. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084381

Bano M and Inayat S. Prevalence of overweight and obesity among health care workers at General Hospital, GM Abad, Faisalabad. Independent Journal of Allied Health Sciences. 2018; 1(02): 90-6.

Chang C, Khurana S, Strodel R, Camp A, Magenheimer E, Hawley N. Perceived barriers to physical activity among low-income Latina women at risk for type 2 diabetes. The Diabetes Educator. 2018 Oct; 44(5): 444-53. doi: 10.1177/0145721718787782. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0145721718787782

Kaveh O and Peyrovi H. Exploring Iranian obese women's perceptions of barriers to and facilitators of self-management of obesity: A qualitative study. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care. 2019 Nov; 8(11): 3538–43. doi: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_527_19. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_527_19

Fan M, Hong J, Cheung PN, Tang S, Zhang J, Hu S, et al. Knowledge and attitudes towards obesity and bariatric surgery in Chinese nurses. Obesity Surgery. 2020 Feb; 30: 618-29. doi: 10.1007/s11695-019-04173-z. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11695-019-04173-z

Weatherald J, Huertas A, Boucly A, Guignabert C, Taniguchi Y, Adir Y, et al. Association between BMI and obesity with survival in pulmonary arterial hypertension. Chest. 2018 Oct; 154(4): 872-81. doi.org/10.1016/j.chest.2018.05.006. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chest.2018.05.006



DOI: 10.54393/pjhs.v4i10.1069
Published: 2023-10-31

How to Cite

BiBi, Y., Mukhtar, M., Sarwar, H., & Kanwal, T. (2023). Factors Affecting Weight Loss Management among Obese Nurses Working in Public and Private Health Care Sectors: Factors Affecting Weight Loss Management. Pakistan Journal of Health Sciences, 4(10), 73–77. https://doi.org/10.54393/pjhs.v4i10.1069



Original Article


Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>