Prevalence of Gestational Diabetes and Associated Maternal Factor

Prevalence of Gestational Diabetes


  • Esha Siddique Department of Nursing, The Superior University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Humaira Saddique Department of Nursing, The Superior University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Sajida Batool Department of Nursing, The Superior University, Lahore, Pakistan



Gestational Diabetes, Consanguinity, Obstetric Risks, Antenatal Care


The prevalence of gestational diabetes is rising all over the world. Maternal and neonatal complications are associated with gestational diabetes Mellitus. Objective: To investigate the prevalence of gestational diabetes and associated maternal factors in outpatients of Jinnah Hospital Lahore. Methods: The descriptive cross-sectional study design was used to assess the prevalence of gestational diabetes and associated maternal factors with a 200-population size that is deliberated from Slovin’s formula for the pregnant women of the Gynae outpatient’s department at Jinnah Hospital Lahore. The convenient sampling technique is used to collect the data from pregnant women. The study took approximately 9 months. The questionnaire asked about sociodemographic factors, family history, and medical history. Results: The prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus was 36.8% in Pakistan. Positive family history (41.4%), increased BMI (46.6%), parity (83.5%), and obesity (59.2%) were determinants of gestational diabetes mellitus. Maternal complications like pre-eclampsia (8.3%), pregnancy-induced hypertension (20.1%), cesarean (48.9%), and antepartum hemorrhage (20.2%) were higher in GDM women. Conclusions: The study finding reveals that gestational diabetes mellitus was discovered to be highly prevalent in Pakistani women and they were at higher risk of developing maternal complications. Women with advanced maternal age, low monthly income, obesity, a family history of diabetes, parity number, and increased BMI are risk factors for Gestational diabetes mellitus.


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DOI: 10.54393/pjhs.v4i05.758
Published: 2023-05-30

How to Cite

Siddique, E. ., Saddique, H. ., & Batool, S. . (2023). Prevalence of Gestational Diabetes and Associated Maternal Factor: Prevalence of Gestational Diabetes. Pakistan Journal of Health Sciences, 4(05), 253–258.



Original Article