Effects of Zinc and Multivitamins Supplements on growth in School Children

Zinc and Multivitamins Supplements on growth in School Children


  • Junaid Ghaffar Department of Pediatrics, Sialkot Medical College, Sialkot
  • Muhammad Uzair Department Pediatrics. Sahara Medical College, Narowal
  • Zahid Mahmood Department Pediatrics, Shaikh Zayed Hospital, Rahim Yar Khan
  • Riffat Farrukh Department, Department of Pediatrics, Karachi Medical and Dental College and Abbasi Shaheed Hospital
  • Shaheen Masood Department Pediatrics, Karachi Medical and Dental College
  • Qamar Rizvi Department of Pharmacology, Hamdard University, Karachi




Multivitamins, Dietary supplements, child, growth and zinc


Zinc and many vitamins are important for development. Various vitamins and zinc deficiencies are communal in emerging states. Objective: The purpose of this anlaysis was to evaluate the effectiveness of multivitamin supplementation with zinc in enhancing the schoolchildren growth. Methods: Children aged 5-15 attending a public school were included. 160 participants were randomised to take multivitamins (200 IU vitamin D, 1,000 IU vitamin A, 10 mg B1, 1 mg B6, 3 mg B2, nicotinamide 40mg, B12 10 mcg) along with zinc chelated zinc glycinate (20 mg elemental zinc) or once daily placebo treatment was given for 5 days in a week for six-months. The height change from reference value was the primary outcome which was taken significant till conclusion of the analysis. The outcomes which were secondary were variations in BMI, body weight, hip and waist circumference, and ratio of waist-to-height. An intent to treat analysis was accomplished. Results: 80 children were randomly assigned to the control group or 80 in the treatment groups. Children who took multivitamins along with zinc had a greater height increase ((4.5±5.1 vs 3.5±4.1 cm, correspondingly; 0.001 of P value). Subgroup analysis exhibited substantial height improvement, particularly among preadolescents. The greatest increase in height occurred regardless of the initial weight and height. An additional increase in growth is visible subsequently two months of supplement. Variations in the other anthropometrical measures did not differ substantially. Conclusions: 6-month supplementation with zinc chelated and multivitamins significantly increase height among school going children and was better endured.


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DOI: 10.54393/pjhs.v3i04.121
Published: 2022-09-30

How to Cite

Ghaffar, J. ., Uzair, M. ., Mahmood, Z. ., Farrukh, R. ., Masood, S. ., & Rizvi, Q. . (2022). Effects of Zinc and Multivitamins Supplements on growth in School Children: Zinc and Multivitamins Supplements on growth in School Children. Pakistan Journal of Health Sciences, 3(04), 76–81. https://doi.org/10.54393/pjhs.v3i04.121



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