Association of Severity of Diabetic Foot Ulcer with Glycated Hemoglobin A1C Levels

Diabetic Foot Ulcer with Glycated HBA1C Levels


  • Nizamud Din Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases, Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Mahnoor Khan Department of Surgery, Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Bakht Danyal Khan Department of Ophthalmology, Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Tahir Ghaffar Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases, Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Tabish Ikram Department of Medicine, Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Aamir Salman Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases, Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Niktash Khan Hadi Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases, Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Shafiullah Khan Divisional Headquarter Hospital, Kohat, Pakistan



Foot Ulcer, HBA1C, Diabetes


Diabetic foot ulcer is a well-documented complication of uncontrolled diabetes and its association with the variables involved in Diabetes like FBS, RBS and HBA1C has been thoroughly researched. This research aims to identify the association of diabetic foot ulcer under Wagner classification with HBA1C classes. Objectives: To determine the severity of diabetic foot ulcer at various level of HBA1C and determine the association. Methods: A cross-sectional study with 360 diabetic patients who after giving consent filled questionnaires. The information was analyzed using SPSS v26 (IBM) through Chi Square test. The results were tabulated and inferred from. Results: Our work depicts a statistically significant correlation between grades of diabetic foot ulcer and HBA1C levels of the patients (p-value <0.001). Patients with higher levels of HBA1C suffered foot ulcer of higher grades. Specifically, patients with Grade 1 foot ulcers primarily had HBA1C levels of ≤ 11.00 with 6(50%) falling in the group “7.01-9.00” while patients with Grade 5 ulcers had higher HBA1C levels with bulk of patients having levels of >11.00. Conclusions: This research further supplemented an already strongly established association between uncontrolled diabetes and diabetic foot ulcer. We focused on specifically HBA1C and how increased lab values are linked with different grades of Diabetic Foot ulcer and found a strong association demanding a proactive approach towards patient care and education


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DOI: 10.54393/pjhs.v4i01.497
Published: 2023-01-31

How to Cite

Din, N. ., Khan, M. ., Danyal Khan, B. ., Ghaffar, T. ., Tabish Ikram, M. ., Aamir Salman , M. ., Khan Hadi, N. ., & Khan, S. . (2023). Association of Severity of Diabetic Foot Ulcer with Glycated Hemoglobin A1C Levels : Diabetic Foot Ulcer with Glycated HBA1C Levels . Pakistan Journal of Health Sciences, 4(01), 161–165.



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