Attributes of Low Back pain among Physical Therapists and Nurses in Pakistan

Low Back Pain among Physical Therapists and Nurses


  • Shahid Badar Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Dr. Ziauddin Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Sara Aamir Abro Liaquat National School of Physiotherapy, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Bushra Marium Zaman Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Dr. Ziauddin Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Kashmala Zia Northwest Institute of Health Sciences, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Obaida Arzoo Northwest Institute of Health Sciences, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Khadijatul Ain Sandeela Isra Institute of Rehabilitation Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Madiha Peer Muhammad Department of Physical Therapy, Patel Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Komal Ansari Department of Physical Therapy, Bahria University Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan



Back Pain, Physical Therapy, Musculoskeletal, Nurse Education, Oswestry Disability Index Scale


Low back pain is localized between the region of the 12th rib and less to the gluteal folds either radiating or not radiating to the lower limb. The prevalence of low back pain in Pakistan is about 41.4 percent. But all over the world, the Physical therapist's rate of work-related musculoskeletal problems is about 57 percent. Objective: To determine the attributes of low back pain among physical therapists and nurses in Pakistan. Methods: A cross-sectional study was done from August 2023 to January 2024, throughout Pakistan. A sample size of 661 was divided into two groups. The sampling technique was non-probability purposive sampling. There were two measurement tools used Visual Analog Scale and the Oswestry Disability Index scale to rule out pain and the level of disability. The data were analyzed through SPSS version 23.0 software. Results: The total number of participants was 661, of which 247 were physical therapists and 414 were nurses recruited from all over Pakistan. The pain was measured through the VAS and disability was measured by ODI. The Physical therapists felt mild pain in about 123(49.79%), and they faced no disability in about 127(51.41%)  and nurses felt moderate pain in about 212(51.20%) and they have not faced disability in about 306(73.91%). Conclusions: Our study concluded the prevalence of low back pain is found in both nurses and physical therapists but the level of pain is higher in nurses as compared to a physical therapist due to the lack of ergonomics knowledge among the nurse population. 


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DOI: 10.54393/pjhs.v5i02.1295
Published: 2024-02-29

How to Cite

Badar, S., Abro, S. A., Zaman, B. M., Zia, K., Arzoo, O., Sandeela, K. A., Peer Muhammad, M., & Ansari, K. (2024). Attributes of Low Back pain among Physical Therapists and Nurses in Pakistan : Low Back Pain among Physical Therapists and Nurses . Pakistan Journal of Health Sciences, 5(02), 02–07.



Original Article